The Baskerville Society

Poetry in Translation

Private Presses of the UK

Storm Type Foundry


The Whatmans and Wove Paper



St Bride Library

St Bride Library Catalogue

British Library Catalogue

Cambridge University Library Catalogues

National Art Library Catalogue

Wellcome Library Catalogue



Tim Ahrends and Shoko Mugikura, Size-specific adjustments to type designs, Just Another Foundry, Munich, 2014.


Phil Baines, SToneUTTERS, Northern Heights, London, 1992.


John Balston, The Whatmans and Wove (Velin) Paper, J. N. Balston, 1998.


Alan Bartram, Five hundred years of book design, The British Library, 2001.

—  Tombstone Lettering in the British Isles, Lund Humphries, London, 1978.


John Baskerville, A Specimen by John Baskerville, 1762, accessed September 17, 2014,


William Bennett, John Baskerville, the Birmingham Printer, his Press, Relations and Friends, City of Birmingham School of Printing, Vol. 1, 1937, Vol. 2, 1939.


Josiah Henry Benton, John Baskerville, Type-founder and Printer, D. B. Updike, The Merrymount Press, Boston, 1914.


Raffaello Bertieri, L'arte di Giambattista Bodoni, Milan, 1913.


George Bickham, The Universal Penman, Dover Publications, 1968.


F. C. Bigmore and C. W. H. Whyman, A Bibliography of Printing, The Holland Press,    London, and Oak Knoll Books, New York, 1978.


Frank E. Blockland, On the Origin of Patterning in Movable Latin Type,,19 May 2016.


Joseph Blumental, Art of the Printed Book 1455-1955, The Bodley Head Ltd, London,    1974.


Andrew Boag, ‘The art of type’, Graphics world, No. 77, Mar/Apr, 1989.


Hans Bockwitz, John Baskerville, in the Judgement of German Contemporaries, Birmingham School of Printing, 1937.


The British Library, Catalogue of Manuscripts,


Edmund Burke, A Philosophical Enquiry into the Origins of Our Ideas of the Sublime and Beautiful,   Ed. Paul Guyer, Oxford University Press, 2015.


Teresa Olazabal Cabral, ‘Tradition and Contemporaneity in Typography: Mário    Felucciano’s Interpretation of the Geronimo typeface’, Views on Eighteenth Century   Culture, ed. Ferrao & Bernardo, 376-406, Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2015.


Harry Carter, Optical scaling in type founding, Printing Historical Society Bulletin, Vol. 13, 1984, pp.    144–148 (first published in Typography 4, 1937).

—  Three Pieces, Baskerville’s Influence, The Old School Press, 2005.

—  A view of early typography: up to about 1600, Introduction by James Mosley, Hyphen Press, 2002.


Edward M. Catich, The Trajan Inscription in Rome, Catfish Press, Iowa, 1961.


Warren Chappell, A Short History of the Printed Word, André Deutsch, London, 1972.


Alexander Ross Charchar, The Secret Law of Page Harmony,


Thomas Maitland Cleland, Giambattista Bodoni of Parma, The Society of Printers, Boston, 1916.


H. S. Commager, Jr., Lucretius’ Interpretation of the Plague, Department of Classics, Harvard, Vol. 62, 1957.


Carl Dair at Enschedé, The last days of metal type, video, Sheridan College/Massey College Co-production,   2016,


Hermann Degering, Lettering, E. Benn, 1929.


T. F. Dibdin, An Introduction to the Knowledge of Rare and Valuable editions of the Greek and Latin Classics, London, 1802.


Robert Diehl, Beaumarchais als Nachfolger Baskervilles, Bauer, Frankfurt am Main, 1925.


Geoffrey Dowding, An introduction to the History of Printing Types, Wace & Company, 1961.

—  Finer Points in the Spacing & Arrange-ment of Type, Vol. 1, Wace & Co. Ltd., 3rd Edn.,   London, 1966.


John Dreyfus, The Baskerville Punches 1750-1950, The Library,  5th Series, Vol. 5, 1951, pp. 26-48.

—  The Survival of Baskerville’s Punches, Privately Printed, Cambridge, 1949.

—  Into Print. Selected writings on printing history, typography and book production, British Library, 1994.

—  Baskerville’s Methods of Printing, Signature 12 (New Series), London, 1951.

—  Baskerville’s Ornaments, Cambridge Bibliographical Society, 1950, Vol. 1, No. 2.


Harrison Elliott, ‘John Baskerville: type-founder, typographer, printer and originator   of wove paper’, Paper Maker, Vol 20, No.2, 1951.


Egon Friedell, A Cultural History of the Modern Age, Vol. II, Alfred A. Knopf, New York,   1954,


Philip Gaskell, John Baskerville: A Bibliography, Cambridge University Press, 1959.

—  Baskerville’s punches, Cambridge University, 1953.

—  A Bibliography of the Foulis Press, St Paul’s Bibliographies, Winchester, 1986.


T. C. Hansard, Typographia: an Historical Sketch of the Origin and Progress of The Art of Printing,   Baldwin, Cradock and Joy, London, 1825.


A. T. Hazen, Baskerville’s Virgil, The Yale University Library Gazette, April 1937, Vol 11 No. 4, pp. 90-93.


Justin Howes, ‘Extreme type: progress, “perfectability” and letter design in     eighteenth-century Europe’, Typography papers . 7, Hyphen Press, London, 2007.


Alan Hurlburt, The Grid, Barrie & Jenkins, London, 1979.


Peter Isaac, William Bulmer, 1757-1830, The fine printer in context, Bain & Williams, London, 1993.


J. L. Kingsford & John Dreyfus, John Baskerville: Proposals for a Revised Edition of Straus and Dent’s Bibliography and Memoir, Cambridge Bibliographical Society, Vol. 1, No. 2, 1950, pp. 191-192.


Leonard Jay, Letters of the Famous 18th Century Printer, John Baskerville of Birmingham, together with a bibliography of works printed by him at Birmingham, Birmningham School of Printing, Birmingham,1932.


Robin Kinross, Modern typography: an essay in critical history, Hyphen Press, London, 1992.


Alexander Lawson, Anatomy of a Typeface, Hamish Hamilton, 1990.


Thomas Babington Macaulay, The History of England from the Accession of James II, Longman,   London, 1849.


H. V. Marrot, William Bulmer, Thomas Bensley: A Study in Transition, The Fleuron Limited, London, 1930.


Henri Martin, Le Térence des Ducs, Plon-Nourrit et Cie, Paris, 1907. This book uses Baskerville's original English size type for its main text.


Francis Meynell, John Baskerville: Printer and Designer, Journal of the Royal Society of Arts, Vol. 100, No. 4877, July 1952.

—  English Printed Books, Collins, London, 1946.


Sébastien Morlighem, The printing types of Claude Jacob ‘élève de Baskerville’ (1784-9), Baskerville Society Newsletter, Vol.4, No.3, Birmingham, UK, December 2016.


James Mosley, John Baskerville, Oxford Dictionary of National Biography, Vol. 4, pp. 238-44, Oxford University Press, 2004.

—  Type held in the hand, January 2012,

—  Recasting Caslon Old Face, January 2009,

—  and others, Le Romain du Roi, la typographie au service de l’État, 1702-2002, Musée de l’imprimerie, Lyons, 2002.


Joseph Moxon, Mechanick Exercises on the whole Art of Printing (1683-4), Eds. Herbert Davies & Harry Carter,   Oxford University Press, London, 1958.


Jérôme Peignot, Typoésie, Impremerie nationale éditions, Paris, 1993.

—  Jérôme Peignot, “du chiffre”, Jacques Damase ed., Paris, 1982.


Yves Perrousseaux, Histoire de l'écriture typographique : Le XVIIIe siècle, Tome 1, Tome 2, Perrousseaux, 2010.


Alfred W. Pollard, Fine Books, Methuen, 1912.


L. Price, M. Lee & S. Bertalan, Mould/Fungi,, AIC.


Sally P. Power, Assessing the textual accuracy of John Baskerville’s editions of Paradise Lost, Notes & Queries, March 1995, Vol. 42, Issue 1, p. 34.


James Raven, Publishing Business in Eighteenth-Century England, Boydell Press, 2014.

—  The Business of Books: Booksellers and the English Book Trade 1450–1850, Yale University Press, New Haven and London, 2007.


T. B. Reed & A. F. Johnson, A History of the Old English Letter Foundries, Faber and Faber, 1952.


Aloïs Riegl, Historical Grammar of the Visual Arts, trans. Jacqueline E. Jung, Zone Books, New York, 2004.


Duncan Robinson, William Morris, Edward Burne-Jones, and The Kelmscott Chaucer, Gordon Fraser, London, 1982.


Carl Purington Rollins, John Baskerville, Yale Library Gazette, Vol. 11 No. 3, January 1937, pp. 53-61.


The Schøyen Collection, Online Manuscripts,


Paul Shaw, Revival Type, Thames & Hudson, London, 2017.

—  Ed., The Eternal Letter: Two Millennia of the Classical Roman Capital, MIT Press, 2015.

—  Curator with Peter Bain, Blackletter: Type and National Identity, A catalogue of the Exhibition, Herb Lubalin Study Center of Design and Typography, American Printing Association, 1999.

—  Ed., Blackletter: Type and National Identity, Princeton Architectural Press, 1999.


Fred Smeijers, Counterpunch: making type in the sixteenth century, designing typefaces now, Hyphen Press, London, 1996.


James Sutton & Alan Bartram, An atlas of typeforms, Lund Humphries, 1968.


Jan Tschichold, The Form of the Book, Lund Humphries, London, 1991, pp 36-64.


D. B. Updike, Printing Types, Their History, Forms, and Use: A Study in Survivals, Harvard University Press, 1937.


Beatrice Warde, The Baskerville Types: A Critique, The Monotype Recorder, September-October, 1927.


Wolfe, Marbled paper, it’s history, techniques and patterns. BL open access Rare Books RAR676.283.


H. D. L. Vervliet, The Garamont Types of Christopher Plantin, Journal of the Printing Historical Society,    No. 1, 1965.

—  French Renaissance Printing Types, A Conspectus, The Bibliographical Society of London, The Printing   Historical Society, Oak Knoll Press, New Castle, Delaware, USA, 2010.


Voltaire, Voltaire’s England, Desmond Flower, Ed., The Folio Society, London, 1950.

—  Voltaire’s Essay on Milton, Desmond Flower, Ed., Privately Printed, Cambridge,    1954.


William Webb, ‘The essence of readability: a history of John Baskerville’, Print in Britain, pp. 29-34, October, 1967.






Contact Robin Hull at

If you have a request for a higher resolution photograph of any particular page from the volumes on this site, please let me know and I will try to help.


Baskerville’s Double Pica italic ‘N’. The red letter is taken from the Virgil, 1757, the black from the Catullus, Tibullus & Propertius, 1772.